AI has the potential to predict what shoppers will buy in the retail sector. By utilizing data analytics and machine learning, AI can analyze customer behavior, preferences, and past purchase history to make accurate predictions about their future buying patterns.
AI technologies such as big data, facial expression analysis, and IoT can capture and analyze vast amounts of data from various sources, enabling retailers to better understand their customers. This data can then be used to perform predictive analysis and forecast consumer demand and behavior. However, it is important to note that AI in retail is still in its preliminary stage, and retailers need to strategically implement AI based on their specific business needs.
Examples of AI in Action in Retail
Sparkbox.ai Company is a retail planning, price optimization, and insights platform powered by machine learning. This Company helps busy merchandising teams make data-driven pricing and inventory decisions to improve profitability and reduce waste.
Sparkbox’s team consists of former retail data experts and merchandisers. The team uses user experience to enable merchandisers to get value from data quickly and sustainably.
SandStar Retail Technology is an artificial intelligence company that provides leading computer vision technology for the retail industry. The company aims to make retail more efficient and profitable by using AI as the “eyes” and big data as the “brain”. SandStar offers three solutions:
- AI Vending Machine,
- Smart Store, and
- CV Unattended Shop (A low-cost vision system that recognizes actions semantically).
These solutions help retailers reduce costs by 10%-70% and increase revenue by 10%-300%.
AI’s Potential to Predict Shopper Behavior in Retail
A key insight for using AI in retail is that customers buy fashion items based on their feelings, newness, and product quality, so past sales data, even for similar products, has limited value. Additionally, it’s important to note that AI forecasts are probabilistic, meaning they can have varying levels of confidence and need to be judged accordingly. Proponents of AI emphasize that the technology can still be more effective than conventional methods and is best thought of as a way to support experienced merchandisers and creative teams, not replace them.
AI and machine learning are not just used for forecasting demand and setting prices; they are increasingly being leveraged to dynamically recommend products, personalize pricing, and predict individual consumer behavior. By analyzing massive and constantly evolving data sets, including purchase histories, product preferences, competitor pricing, and inventory, retailers can offer timely recommendations. Connected devices, such as smart assistants and IoT devices, further enhance the potential for predictive commerce.
Predictive commerce adapts to user habits and environments, making shopping seamless and personalized. However, retailers need to balance this with human-centered design, privacy, and trust. They must create engaging and transparent ecosystems that respect and reward consumers.
AI’s Capabilities in Predicting Shopper Behavior
- Data Collection: AI gathers data from various sources such as transactional data, customer data, and environmental data.
- Analysis: AI utilizes data analytics and machine learning to analyze customer behavior, preferences, and past purchase history.
- Real-time Decision Making: AI can process and analyze data in real time, enabling retailers to make data-driven decisions on-the-fly. This facilitates dynamic pricing, inventory management, and personalized promotions to maximize sales and customer satisfaction.
- Continuous Learning: AI systems continuously learn and improve over time. As new data is generated, AI algorithms adapt and refine their predictions to better align with changing customer preferences and market trends.
- Simulation: AI can run simulations using virtual AI shoppers to reveal behavior and preferences for various products and searches, enabling retailers to optimize website layouts and product displays.
By leveraging these capabilities, AI can accurately predict what shoppers will buy, enabling retailers to optimize their inventory, improve customer satisfaction, and increase sales.
Limitations of AI in predicting shopper behavior
1. Probabilistic nature: AI forecasts are probabilistic, meaning they can have varying levels of confidence and need to be judged accordingly. Forecasts should come with confidence scores since a prediction might only have 40 percent confidence.
2. Overfitting: AI models can learn irrelevant data in their training and can’t make accurate generalizations from new data. For example, the system might learn the performance of one red shirt so well that it can’t make reliable predictions about a new batch of similar shirts.
3. Need for accurate data sets: To make reliable predictions, AI needs precise data sets. The predictions will suffer if the data is faulty or missing.
4. Lack of transparency: AI models can be difficult to interpret, and it can be challenging to understand how they arrived at their predictions. This lack of transparency can make it difficult for retailers to trust the predictions and make informed decisions.
5. Limited historical data: AI models rely on historical data to make predictions. If there isn’t enough historical data available, the predictions will be less accurate.
6. Emotion-driven purchases: Fashion purchases are often driven by emotion, novelty, and the strength of the particular products.
Despite these limitations, AI-powered demand forecasting has been shown to improve the accuracy of forecasts, customer satisfaction, and logistics in the retail industry. Retailers need to strategically implement AI based on their specific business needs and be aware of the limitations of AI in predicting shopper behavior.